My Fine Models E71 scale 1 model

New 20Dec2021, updated on 28Sep2022 (Märklin E71, [6], [14]). In work. This note is in subgroup My Crocodile locomotive pages of group Models. I will try to describe this very fascinating and beautiful model from Fine Models in Germany, of a rather small Prussian “proto Crocodile”, predating the long “Swiss Crocodile” (SBB Ce 6/8 II-III) by some five years. I hope that the contents will reveal my liking of this model!

Background and references

Fig.1 – The Preußische E71 (Var.1 of K.P.E.V. EG 513) from Fine Models on My Shelf’s Railway Strip (MSRS v.4.0)

The model on fig.1 probably is maximally twisted, half way into my home made switch with radius 1.02 meter, from a left to a right curve.

Initial reference

I first discovered this model in a magazine. Read about it at 201:[E71, Preußische EG 511 bis 537].



History of rail transport in Germany.


About the E71: Preußische EG 511 bis EG 537 (this is the text that was used in the User Manual (translated: Prussian EG 511 to EG 537). K.P.E.V. is Königlich Preußische Eisenbahn-Verwaltung (translated: Royal Prussian Railway Administration) – which seems to be some alias for Preußische Staatseisenbahnen (translated: Prussian State Railways).

About the per design preceeding the E71, the EG 2, later called E70: Bayerische EG 2 (translated: Bavarian EG2). I was built for the K.Bay.Sts.B (KBayStsB) Königlich Bayerische Staatseisenbahnen (translated: Royal Bavarian State Railways). It was ordered in 1912 and probably designed quite early, but not delivered before after WW1, in 1920. I think it has a stiff frame with two bogies mounted in each end, just like the Norwegian El 1 (El1) (more below).

Fig.7 – E71 with flash and a white paper as diffuser

Collision avoided!

Fig.2 – The Preußische E71 (Var.1 of K.P.E.V. EG 513) from Fine Models on MSRS v.4.0

Observe that on both of the above pictures the driver has halted for a second, since the cabin light is on. It is switched off automatically when the loco starts. Driver?

From my album

Fig.3 – The articulated E71 30 at Verkehrs Museum Dresden and a stiff EL1 2011 at Norsk Jernbanemuseum (Hamar)

Aside: for the right, bottom picture, read about it at [8].

I have actually been inside one of the remaining E71 at the beautiful Verkehrs Museum Dresden (Transport Museum Dresden) [5]. Plus, a stiff, single body version of it, the NSB El 1 (El1) at Norsk Jernbanemuseum (Norwegian Railway Museum) at Hamar in Norway [6] and [14]. Its single body frame has one bogie in each end, just like the mentioned Bavarian EG 2. But the original E71 is a true articulated locomotive with two pivot joints, three body parts altogether – and it could certainly twist like a crocodile. In initial comments (above) I discussed whether this locomotive could be categorised a “crocodile” at my. There is no doubt: it is a crocodile type locomotive!

Fitting the driver

Fig.4 – Fitting the driver (Mr. Lutz from Fine Models) into the E71 (PDF) at the end 2 cabin

The loco didn’t come with any driver mounted, but it came with a nice, standing driver. He is Mr. Lutz, nothing less, “handmustered” (hand made) and very well dressed up, with his eyes fixed on the track ahead. It was possible to fit him in, standing in front of the seat (which may not be tilted upwards), holding his hands on the steering wheel. But I needed to make a base for him that I fit on the floor behind the hot air input, as I did with the Märklin loco [7]. I basically used the same procedure as described there.

Also this time I didn’t want to glue him in place. (Him? I’ll get a second driver as well, one of these days.) I have no idea how you do this out there, but this works rather ok. Comment below for any better ideas!

Fig.6 – Waiting for switch direction

I started with a small piece of thick paper and gradually made newer that were larger, and then also had to trim them. But you can stand on the shoulders of this giant (!) and just print out the PDF (here). It should be to scale if it’s A4 – you can check that the red line is 100 mm long. If so, you can cut out [1] in cardboard and then fit it in. Observe that I did the scan of the bottom of the base. The red marks show where I bored holes for the copper straps, which I soldered in place, since my base is some thin electronic circuit board which just appeared in my box. On the paper template base I drew a grid and saw where the figure could stand [2]-[3]. It’s really keyhole surgery, or rather zero invasive surgery, so I used tweezers (with plastic on the tips!), plus that I took a plastic tube and used dental floss to hold around the figure [4]. The right photo is shot before I did the wider and better version, seen on the leftmost photo of [4]. Don’t tie the floss in a loop, because you want to just pull it out to remove it. I painted and drew some lines on the base to make it show somewhat like the wooden floor.

This door never closed precisely into position, as did the other doors, when I received the loco. I now saw the problem. There is a magnet inside, just beside the feet of the figure, that will click the door into position. The problem was that the door was a little bended. I carefully bent it with my fingers, and now it shuts perfectly well. This magnet may stop the figure’s base, but if you lower it into and below the magnet, it should work. (Aside: The locking mechanism also was a problem for both of the fuse compartment doors. These also have magnet based locks, but the doors came as more or less friction based, hard to open. But I did succeed on carefully pushing the tab with my fingers to get the tab ready for the magnets. But the tabs may have been placed some small part of a millimeter too far “out” on the door, by design. With all respect (the model is very well designed and built) miniaturisation isn’t easy for anybody, I assume.)

Once in position, after trying a lot of times – I pressed the feet into the straps, almost with an inaudible click. Now the figure stands firmly in place without any glue. And the base is also loose. Meaning, if I tilt the loco or turn it upside down I may have to refit the base and driver.

You can see the result in the lower row of pictures. It’s just so nice.

E71 model

Which end is which?

On my model (Var.1 of K.P.E.V. EG 513) there is no lettering or numbering showing the end type or direction. I have stored the drawings of the other variants from the time when Fine Models presented them (I found them again, see [12] at “E71 Painting- and Letteringlayout”). Var. 2 to Var. 6 have a ‘H’ and ‘V’ on the locos, which I assume is “Hinten” (rear) and “Vorne” (front). The Var. 7 loco has ‘2’ and ‘1’ on it. On my loco, Var. 1, the drawing shows “END 2” and “END 1” beside the loco, not on it. But the User Manual says that functions “F8 = Panto FS2” and “F7 = Panto FS1” which would show the end type when you actuate them.

REAR F8 = FS2 pantographs   F7 = FS1 pantographs FRONT
END Red conductor side END


The arrows are the left and right indications on my Märklin Mobile Station 2 (MS2). Observe that the side of the red conductor has a meaning when that roof is placed correctly towards the insulators of the pantographs. There is a knife switch in each end.

Fig.5 – The younger SBB Ce 6/8 III (end II) with its older sibling E71 one late night (end 1)

Loco meditation at low speed

I tried to run both the Märklin 55681 SBB Ce 6/8 III and the Fine Models’ E71 locos at the lowest possible speed. I have a Märklin Mobile Station 2 (MM2), using the first step there. I assume that’s the lowest possible step sent to the loco. I ran them from end to end on my 224:[layout MSRS v.4.1] – this is 199.1 cm buffer to buffer. Observe the elevation of 8 mm from left to right. For this test I had no sound.

The 55681 runs 199.1 – length 62.5 = 136.6 cm. It used 70 seconds in both directions. The drive mechanism and the regulator’s pulsing added no extra noise.

The E71 runs 199.1 cm – length 36.25 cm = 162.85 cm. It used 222 seconds running in direction 1 (uphill) and a longer time of 270 seconds in direction 2 (downhill). If I lifted the loco off the rail and placed it in the opposite direction, then there were the same running time and time difference for uphill vs. downhill. In other words, when the motors needed to deliver more power (uphill) it ran faster than going downhill. This is the opposite of what I expected. If I try a black box reasoning here (since I don’t know how the regulator is working) then: might this be called undershoot (PID regulator may give overshoot (here)..)?

The E71’s drive mechanism makes quite some noise due to the pulsing of the motors’ regulator when running uphill. At first I thought this somewhat surprising, maybe even somewhat annoying, but once I’ve got used to it then these meditative moments aren’t ruined at all! I have now ran it several times with my stopwatch app. Yes, it is meditative!

Some facts about the model

From the German Wikipedia article Preußische EG 511 bis EG 537. It was produced by AEG (Allgemeine Elektricitäts-Gesellschaft AG) (Find Ten Differences?) (I had to download it for scaling reasons: source: Wikipedia Commons, here)

  • This model is made in Korea, for Fine Models GmbH. Source [11]
  • This model came into Fine Models GmbH [2] through Kiss-Modellbahnen Deutschland [9] when Kiss went insolvent in March 2020. Another part of Kiss became Kiss-Modellbahnen Schweiz GmbH [10]. Source [13]
  • Seven variants were produced. Summing up all the variants then 300 units were produced [11]
  • Length buffer to buffer 36.25 cm (times 32 = 1160 cm). Weight 3.0 kg. Smallest radius R = 1.02 m. Update 20Sep2022: It says in [14] (Aspenberg) that the three first locos were 11.200 m, but the rest 11.600 m. I assume that my loco then should have been 11.200 / 32 = 35.0 cm long. I assume that Fine Models used the same drawings for this whole series. However, the German Wikipedia page does not mention this: Preußische EG 511 bis EG 537
  • I have some quite interesting Q&A going on with Fine Models / Kiss, see chapter External (below)

More gallery

Fig.9 – The E71 with striped background

With the My Shelf’s Railway Strip (MSRS) v4.2 I made a new background from some fabric. See 201:[MSRS v.4.2]. I think it quite successful, look and feel wise. Photo wise, I may need some time before I get used to it. I guess that the stripes mask the catenary wires. Or maybe this effect instead draws attention to the locomotive?

Aside: I pulled the fabric behind the shelf and down to make it smooth. This is possible since the whole shelf is stiff enough to be hanging by the short ends only. It’s actually two shelves that are firmly connected, the lower is used for the Märklin Mobile Station 2 (MS2) plus flat books and magazines. However, the black aluminium column at the middle certainly helps holding the shelf, used to make sure any grandchild’s weight won’t end the locos’ lives on the coach below. You can see the column in the picture. The fabric is hanging in a 6*20 mm wooden list in a fold of the fabric. I had to splice about 10 cm at the end and then iron it flat. I used the sixties’ really lovely Husqvarna CL21A sowing machine for the project. My late mother in law, Aase enjoyed this machine before Mari inherited it. They both have kept it well oiled and serviced.


Märklin E71

Update 26Sep2022. Märklin is issuing an E71 in H0/HO: Class E 71.1 Electric Locomotive. It’s called Märklin 39771 to be released in Oct2022 – for Märklin Insider members, to be ordered by 15Aug2022. As not being a member, I am indeed late. Quoting from Märklin’s web page:

“Road number E 71 26 enriched the still small Baden electric network for the Wiesen and Wehratal Line starting in 1929 as the Baden “Flat Iron” between Basle via Schopfheim and Zell or Bad Säckingen. It was placed into service in 1920 as road number EG 526 and it was part of the first regular procurement of electric locomotives for the Prussian State Railroad for freight train service. This locomotive was characterized by a modern propulsion design for that time using two trucks driven by coupling rods. It was initially used in the Central German network at Halle, and as early as 1929 road number E 71 26 went to Basle for use pulling passenger and freight trains. It remained there until its retirement on June 2, 1957.

Prototype: German Federal Railroad (DB) class E 71.1 electric locomotive. Bottle green basic paint scheme. Locomotive road number E 71 26. The locomotive looks as it did around 1954.”

Swapping BBÖ 1029 and E71

Being fascinated by the Austrian BBÖ 1029 / ÖBB 1073 / DR E33 (E 33) (Wikipedia here – and Rivarossi H0/HO model (here)), I read in that Wikipedia page that in 1947 the Germans exchanged two of the remaining 1029/E33 locos in Germany for the two remaining E71 which were in Austria. This is also mentioned on the E71 Wikipedia page (here).

(The rest of the remaining 1029/E33 were back in Austria by 1952. The German “Anschluss” of Austria was on 13 March 1938, and the occupation ended on 27 April 1945. In 1938 BBÖ was taken over by Deutsche Reichsbahn (DR); that’s when German nomenclature was used. Those who believed they were the master race consequently believed that they had the right to do these kind of things, of course. Millions of dead people later, after the war, the company name was abbreviated ÖBB.)


  1. Motor regulator of Märklin 55681 regulator vs. others – It runs smoothly uphill, where another loco type doesn’t. Me, 28Dec2021

Model reviews


Or spurIinfo as they also spell it.

spur1info Aug21

DB E 71 13 from Fine Models by Friedhelm Weidelich (18.8.2021). Read at Quite an interesting read, with 57 very well done photos. Even if this is not about my model, but the Fine Models’ Var.7,  I assume that most of the comments would be correct. Like, the lights and lantern bulbs are simulated and made from round LEDs. This article also mentions the competitors, without naming them. But I would at least be one of them (see and 201:[My krokis notes]).

Weidelich complaints that the air ventilation openings “are are attached and not pressed as on the competitor’ s model”. At least in the open article there is no picture to show what he means. However – see Wikipedia Preußische EG 511 bis EG 537 from “Die restaurierte E 71 19 im Bahnpark Augsburg (2007)” which would certainly show the ventilation frames as being on the outside. But this may just not be Weidelich’s point.

spur1info Dec21

Did she really exist? by Gastautor (16.12.2021). “For some railroad models, the question arises for a variety of reasons whether there was a prototype. Bruno Waldmeier has given some thought to this.” Read more … paid login at This article’s intro depicts the Fine Models’ E71 Var. 5, SBB brown. This is so intriguing! I haven’t had access to this article (23May2022)


Some Fine Models E71 points – passworded. I assume that some of these points may in the future be moved to this open blog note


Even if this is not an academic text, I have decided to use the below style for all kinds of references, hoping that I can only refer up here when needed:

  1. My 2.10 meter long track, where this model runs, is described at 201:[MSRS v.4.1].
  2. Fine Models GmbH: and – sibling company with Kiss-Modellbahnen Deutschland  [9]
  3. My standard disclaimer is here (“no ads or money, just fun and expenses on these blog notes”)
  4. In the background of fig.1 you see my Märklin 55681 SBB Ce 6/8 III, more at My Crocodile locomotive pages
  5. Verkehrs Museum Dresden (Transport Museum Dresden) (
  6. Norsk Jernbanemuseum (Norwegian Railway Museum) at Hamar in Norway (
    Aside: (Update 17Sep2022) More about the El 1 (El.1). Jernbanemuseet has two El 1: EL1.2001 which stands in a shed at the Hamar railway station (and is a “museum locomotive”, able to do museum trips). The EL1.2011 shares a hall with several steam locomotives at the museum proper. However, that hall is not connected to any external rail, so I assume they must have made a temporary track some 50 cm uphill from the normal track line at Jernbanemuseet. There is no overhead catenary there, either. I read in an article by Morten Tranøy in the Norwegian magazine “På sporet” (On the track) #190 Mar2022, headed “Godsvognene på Rjukanbanen” (The freight cars of the Rjukan Railway) that the EL1.2001 was called RjB 14 from 1966, when NSB (Norges Statsbaner) sold it (and another El 1, later scrapped) to the legendary Rjukanbanen (Rjukan Line) at Rjukan. Then, in 1986 Norsk Teknisk Museum in Oslo got it and they gave it its original naming El1.2001 in 1987. The loco I am seen on in Fig.3 is the EL1.2011. The museum then gave 2001 to Jernbanemuseet at Hamar in 2000. By the way, the Rjukan Line played in important role in getting the industrial complex on the UNESCO’s World Heritage Site list as the Rjukan–Notodden Industrial Heritage Site. (Researching more I find differing road numbers on Norwegian and English Wkipedia, as well as on DigitalMuseum EL1.2001 and EL1.2011. Also see [14])
  7. A driver from Fine Models added as the second driver on my 55681: 201:[Driver in direction II and a ground personnel]
  8. Fig.3, lower right:  203:[The biggest motor is in Dresden]
  9. Kiss-Modellbahnen Deutschland (here) – sibling company with Fine Models  [2]
  10. Kiss Modellbahnen Schweiz (here)
  11. The E71 model is presented by Peter Pernsteiner on YouTube at Preview/Fahrtest E-Lok E 71 13 in 1:32 / Spur 1 von Fine Models – Messing-Handmuster – EG 513
  12. Photos of all Fine Models’ E71 prototypes:
  13. The magazine Faszination Spur 1 #14, see 201:[31] (Eisenbahn-Kurier, EK-Verlag)
  14. Elektrolok i Norge (Electrical locos in Norway) by Nils Carl Aspenberg (FB), on Baneforlaget, 2001, ISBN 82-91448-42-6. In Norwegian. Baneforlaget does not seem to have any web page. This book has a chapter on El 1, containing info about the E71 as well. Plus how the El 1 came to be running on Rjukanbanen as RjB 14 and RjB 15. Also about the remaining two on Jernbanemuseet (El 1 2001 and 2011). It also tells about how the modified E71 model was delivered as Oc to SJ in Sweden. Both the Norwegian El 1 and the Oc were longer than the E71 (table 45 in that book). While E71 was 11.600 m (as my Fine Models loc: 36.25 cm * 32 = 1160 cm) (11.200 m on the three first locos), the Oc was 12.770 m and the El 1 was 12.700 m. This book also has a rather extensive review of the technicalities of electrical locos, plus how these have developed over the years. I bought mine at [6] in Sep2022. (I have also referred to this at 203:[9])

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